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Short Game Techniques

Golf Short Game Techniques

Short Game Techniques

The short game is the area of golf where precision and finesse are paramount. It's part of the game that separates the great players from the good ones, and it's where you can make up strokes quickly. In this article, we'll cover the essential golf short-game techniques, including chipping, pitching, putting, and more. We'll also provide tips and drills for improving your accuracy and consistency on the greens.

Introduction to Golf Short Game

Before we dive into the specific techniques and tips for the short game, let's start with the basics. The short game includes all shots from around the green, typically 100 yards or less from the hole. This includes chipping, pitching, bunker shots, and putting. The goal of the short game is to get the ball as close to the hole as possible, with as few strokes as possible. The short game is critical to good scoring and can often be the difference between winning and losing a match.

Chipping Techniques

Chipping is one of the most critical aspects of the short game. A good chip can save you a stroke or two, while a poor chip can lead to a big number. When chipping, it's essential to use a lofted club, such as a wedge or a short iron, and focus on a smooth, controlled stroke. The key is to strike the ball cleanly and get it rolling on the green as soon as possible. Chipping is all about feel and touch, which takes practice to master.

Pitching Techniques

Pitching is another critical short-game technique, and it's used when you need to get the ball higher in the air and stop it quickly. Pitching requires a more significant swing than chipping, but the goal is the same – to get the ball as close to the hole as possible. The key to pitching is to use a lofted club and create a high, soft shot that lands softly on the green. Practice is essential to perfecting this technique, as it requires good swing mechanics and solid contact.

Bunker Shots

Bunker shots are often the most challenging shots in the short game, as they require precision and finesse to get out of the sand and onto the green. When hitting bunker shots, it's essential to use a sand wedge and focus on hitting behind the ball to create a high, soft shot. The key is to take enough sand to lift the ball out of the bunker while still generating enough spin to stop it on the green. Bunker shots take practice to master, but with the right technique and focus, you can save strokes around the green.

Putting Techniques

Putting is arguably the most critical part of the short game, as it accounts for a significant portion of your shots during a round of golf. Putting requires a smooth, controlled stroke, and the ability to read the green and adjust for slope and speed. The key to putting is to use a light grip and focus on a consistent tempo and follow-through. Practice is essential to perfecting your putting, and there are many drills and techniques you can use to improve your accuracy and consistency.

Short Game Drills

If you want to improve your short-game skills, there are several drills you can try. One effective drill is the up-and-down drill, where you chip or pitch the ball onto the green and then try to make the putt. This will help you focus on chipping/pitching and putting skills. Another helpful drill is the lag putt drill, where you practice putting to a specific distance and focus on making consistent strokes. Short-game drills are an excellent way to practice and fine-tune your short-game skills.

Shot Selection and Strategy

The short game requires more than just good technique – it also requires good shot selection and strategy. When playing a short game shot, it's essential to evaluate the lie, the distance, and any obstacles between you and the hole. Then, you can choose the appropriate club and shoot to get the ball as close to the hole as possible. Shot selection and strategy take practice and experience, but they can make a big difference in your overall short-game performance.

Mental Game

Finally, the short game also requires a strong mental game. It's easy to get nervous or anxious when facing a crucial short game shot, but it's essential to stay focused and confident. This requires mental preparation, such as visualization and positive self-talk, as well as physical preparation, such as warm-up and stretching exercises. The mental game is often overlooked in golf, but it can be the difference between success and failure.


The short game is the heart of golf, and mastering it requires a combination of good technique, shot selection, strategy, and mental toughness. Whether you're chipping, pitching, putting, or hitting bunker shots, the key is to stay focused and confident and to practice your skills consistently. By following these golf short-game techniques and tips, you can improve your performance on the course, lower your scores, and enjoy the game even more.

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